10 January 2023

13 killed during protests in Peru calling for immediate elections

10 January 2023

At least 13 people have died in south-east Peru as protests seeking immediate elections resumed in neglected rural areas of the country still loyal to ousted president Pedro Castillo.

Peru’s top human rights agency called for an investigation into the deaths, 12 of which took place amid clashes between security forces and protesters attempting to seize control of an airport in the city of Juliaca, near the border with Bolivia.

It was the highest death toll since the unrest began in early December after Castillo’s removal and arrest following a widely condemned attempt to dissolve Congress and head off his own impeachment.

Among the 12 killed in Juliaca was a 17-year old, according to news reports. A 13th person died in the nearby city of Chucuito, where protesters blocked a highway.

Castillo’s successor, his former running mate Dina Boluarte, has supported a plan to hold elections for president and congress in 2024, instead of 2026 as originally scheduled.

She has also expressed support for judicial investigations into whether security forces acted with excessive force.

But such moves have so far failed to quell the unrest, which after a short respite around the Christmas and New Year holidays have resumed with force in some of Peru’s poorest areas, where support for Castillo’s unorthodox rule had been strongest.

Nationwide, protests were reported in about 13% of Peru’s provinces on Monday, many of them consisting of roadblocks making it impossible for lorry drivers to deliver produce to market.

With Monday’s casualties, the number of people killed in clashes with security forces climbed to 34. Hundreds more have been treated for injuries.

Ms Boluarte’s government has accused former Bolivian president Evo Morales of fuelling the unrest.

On Monday, officials issued an order blocking the influential leftist leader from entering the country on national security grounds.

Authorities said eight allies of Mr Morales — who were also banned — recently travelled to Peru to coordinate protest activity in the border region separating the two countries.

Castillo, a political novice who lived in a two-storey adobe home in the Andean highlands before moving to the presidential palace, eked out a narrow victory in elections last year that rocked Peru’s political establishment and laid bare the deep divisions between residents of the vibrant capital, Lima, and the long-neglected countryside.

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