02 October 2022

Israeli leader welcomes US proposal for sea border with Lebanon

02 October 2022

Israel’s prime minister has welcomed a US proposal for setting the maritime border with Lebanon, saying the American plan for resolving the long-running dispute between the neighbouring countries would lift Israel’s economy and boost regional security.

Yair Lapid said on Sunday that the proposal was delivered over the weekend to both his country and Lebanon.

He said that, although it is still being studied, it would strengthen Israel’s northern areas near the Lebanese border, allow Israel to produce additional natural gas, and deliver new revenues to the national coffers.

“This is a deal that strengthens Israel’s security and Israel’s economy,” Mr Lapid told his Cabinet.

He also said Israel would not oppose the development of “an additional Lebanese gas field” straddling the maritime border, as long as Israel receives “the share we deserve”.

He said this would weaken Lebanon’s dependence on Iran, restrain the Hezbollah militant group, and promote regional stability.

He said the deal is being reviewed by legal and defence officials before being voted upon by the government. Israeli media said a vote could take place on Thursday.

On Saturday, the proposal was also delivered to Lebanese leaders.

Lebanon and Israel have been officially at war since Israel’s creation in 1948 and both countries claim some 330 square miles (860 sq km) of the Mediterranean Sea.

Amos Hochstein, a senior adviser for energy security at the US State Department who has been mediating between the two neighbours, last visited Beirut in September, where he expressed optimism after meeting Lebanon’s leaders.

Lebanon’s parliament speaker, Nabi Berri, said in an interview with the London-based Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper on Saturday that the proposal “in principle meets the Lebanese demands”.

Lebanon hopes to unleash offshore oil and gas production as it grapples with the worst economic crisis in its modern history, plunging three-quarters of its population into poverty.

A Lebanese official who attended the talks last month told The Associated Press that the proposal put forward by the US envoy gives Lebanon the right to the Qana field, located partially in Israel’s domain, with part of it stretching deep into a disputed area.

The official added that the main point now is how to draw the demarcation line in a way that stretches south of Qana. Mr Lapid’s comments appeared to be a reference to the emerging agreement over Qana.

Israel set up a gas rig at its designated location at the Karish field. Israel said the field is part of its UN-recognised exclusive economic zone, while Lebanon insists Karish is in a disputed area.

In July, the Israeli military shot down three unarmed drones belonging to Lebanon’s Iran-backed militant group Hezbollah flying over the Karish field.

Hezbollah’s leader has issued warnings to Israel over the maritime dispute, saying that “any arm” that reaches out to steal Lebanon’s wealth “will be cut off”.

The heavily armed group, which has fought several wars with Israel, has repeatedly said in the past that it would use its weapons to protect Lebanon’s economic rights. Hezbollah officials have however said they would endorse a deal reached between Lebanon’s government and Israel.

Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah in a speech on Saturday echoed similar sentiments to Lebanon’s top political leaders about Mr Hochstein’s proposal, and reasserted that the Iran-backed party will back the Lebanese political leadership’s position.

“God willing, if it reaches the desired and best result, it would be the result of national unity, co-operation, and solidarity,” he said.

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