03 July 2024

Overcrowding, lack of exits and mud contributed to a deadly stampede in India

03 July 2024

Severe overcrowding and a lack of exits contributed to a stampede at a religious festival in northern India that killed at least 121 people, authorities have said.

Five of those died on Wednesday morning, local official Manish Chaudhry said, and 28 people were still being treated in a hospital.

Deadly stampedes are relatively common at Indian religious festivals, where large crowds gather in small areas with shoddy infrastructure and few safety measures.

Some quarter of a million people turned up for the event on Tuesday that was permitted to accommodate 80,000.

It is not clear how many made it inside the giant tent set up in a muddy field in a village in Hathras district in Uttar Pradesh state.

It was also not clear what sparked the panic, but the state’s chief minister, Yogi Adityanath, told reporters that a crowd rushed toward the preacher to touch him as he was descending from the stage, and volunteers struggled to intervene.

An initial report from the police suggested that as thousands of people then thronged the exits, many slipped on the muddy ground, causing them to fall and be crushed in the crowd. Most of the dead were women.

The chaos appeared to continue outside the tent as followers again ran towards the preacher, a Hindu guru known locally as Bhole Baba, as he left in a vehicle.

His security personnel pushed the crowd back, causing more people to fall, according to officials.

Authorities are investigating and searching for the preacher as well as other organisers, whose whereabouts are not known.

Mr Adityanath said he has ordered an inquiry by a retired judge into Tuesday’s deaths.

Police registered a case of culpable homicide against two organisers, but excluded the preacher. Culpable homicide carries a maximum punishment of life imprisonment in India.

Binod Sokhna, who lost his mother, daughter and wife, wept as he walked out of a morgue on Wednesday.

“My son called me and said, ‘Papa, mother is no more. Come here immediately.’ My wife is no more,” he said, crying.

The preacher’s Sri Jagar Guru Baba organisation had spent more than two weeks preparing for the event.

Followers of the guru from across the state — which is India’s most populous with more than 200 million people — travelled to the village, with rows of parked vehicles stretching 3km (nearly 2 miles).

State official Ashish Kumar said there were insufficient exits in the vast tent. It is not clear how many there were.

Experts said the event violated safety norms. Disaster management expert Sanjay Srivastava said: “The function was held in a makeshift tent without ensuring multiple exit routes.”

On Tuesday, hundreds of relatives had gathered at local hospitals, wailing in distress at the sight of the dead, placed on stretchers and covered in white sheets on the grounds outside. Buses and trucks also carried dozens of victims to morgues.

Sonu Kumar was one of many local residents who helped to lift and move dead bodies after the disaster.

He criticised the preacher: “He sat in his car and left. And his devotees here fell one upon another. The screams were so heart-wrenching. We have never seen anything like this before in our village.”

In 2013, pilgrims visiting a temple for a popular Hindu festival in central Madhya Pradesh state trampled one another amid fears that a bridge would collapse.

At least 115 were crushed to death or died in the river.

Uttar Pradesh State Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath visits the place where a fatal stampede took place in Fulrai village of Hathras district (Rajesh Kumar Singh/AP) (AP)

The best videos delivered daily

Watch the stories that matter, right from your inbox