Sri Lankan president flees the country amid economic crisis
The president of Sri Lanka has fled the country, slipping away in the middle of the night hours before he promised to step down under pressure from protesters angry over a devastating economic crisis that has triggered severe shortages of food and fuel.
President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and his wife left aboard a Sri Lankan air force plane bound for the Maldives, the air force said in a statement.
Later, Mr Rajapaksa appointed the prime minister as the acting president, according to the speaker of the parliament.
Mr Rajapaksa had agreed to resign under pressure.
But the crisis is far from over, with protesters demanding that Mr Wickremesinghe also go immediately.
He had said he would leave once a new government was in place.
Thousands of protesters moved into his office on Wednesday after seizing other government buildings in recent days.
Groups could be seen scaling the wall and entering the office as the crowds roared in support, cheering them on and waving the Sri Lankan flag.
Police used tear gas to try to disperse the crowd but failed and more and more marched down the lane and towards the office.
The prime minister’s office declared a nationwide state of emergency and imposed a curfew in part of the country.
The president’s departure followed months of demonstrations that culminated on Saturday in protesters storming his home and office and the official residence of his prime minister.
The protests have all but dismantled his family’s political dynasty, which ruled Sri Lanka for most of the past two decades.
On Wednesday morning, Sri Lankans continued to stream into the presidential palace.
A growing line of people waited to enter the residence, many of whom had travelled from outside Colombo on public transport.
“What Rajapaksa did — flee the country — is a timid act,” said Bhasura Wickremesinghe, a 24-year-old student of maritime electrical engineering, who came with friends.
“I’m not celebrating. There’s no point celebrating. We have nothing in this country at the moment.”
He complained that Sri Lankan politics have been dominated for years by “old politicians” who all need to go.
“Politics needs to be treated like a job — you need to have qualifications that get you hired, not because of what your last name is,” he said, referring to the Rajapaksa family.
Protesters have vowed to occupy the official buildings until the top leaders are gone.
For days, people have flocked to the presidential palace almost as if it were a tourist attraction — swimming in the pool, marvelling at the paintings and lounging on the beds piled high with pillows.
At one point, they also burned the prime minister’s private home.
At dawn, the protesters took a break from chanting as the Sri Lankan national anthem blared from speakers. A few waved the flag.
Malik D’ Silva, a 25-year-old demonstrator occupying the president’s office, said Mr Rajapaksa “ruined this country and stole our money”.
He said he voted for Mr Rajapaksa in 2019, believing his military background would keep the country safe after so-called Islamic State-inspired bomb attacks earlier that year killed more than 260 people.
Nearby, 28-year-old Sithara Sedaraliyanage and her 49-year-old mother wore black banners around their foreheads that read “Gota Go Home”, the rallying cry of the demonstrations.
“We expected him to be behind bars — not escape to a tropical island. What kind of justice is that?” Ms Sithara said.
“This is the first time people in Sri Lanka have risen like this against a president. We want some accountability.”
The air force said in a statement that it provided an aircraft for the President and his wife to travel to the Maldives with the defence ministry’s approval.
It said all immigration and customs laws were followed.
“This shows what befalls a leader who uses his power to the extreme,” said politician Ranjith Madduma Bandara, a senior official of the main opposition party in Parliament, United People’s Force.
Sri Lankan politicians agreed to elect a new president next week but have struggled to decide on the make-up of a new government to lift the bankrupt country out of economic and political collapse.
The new president will serve the remainder of Mr Rajapaksa’s term, which ends in 2024, and could potentially appoint a new prime minister, who would then have to be approved by Parliament.
The current prime minister is to serve as president until a replacement is chosen — an arrangement that was sure to inflame protesters who want Mr Wickremesinghe out immediately.
Sri Lankan presidents are protected from arrest while in power, and it is likely Mr Rajapaksa planned his escape while he still had constitutional immunity.
A corruption lawsuit against him in his former role as a defence official was withdrawn when he was elected president in 2019.
Corruption and mismanagement have left the island nation laden with debt and unable to pay for imports of basic necessities.
The shortages have sown despair among the country’s 22 million people.
Sri Lankans are skipping meals and lining up for hours to try to buy scarce fuel.
Until the latest crisis deepened, the Sri Lankan economy had been expanding and growing a comfortable middle class.
Ms Sithara said the people want new leaders who are young, educated and capable of running the economy.
“We don’t know who will come next, but we have hope they will do a better job of fixing the problems,” she said.
“Sri Lanka used to be a prosperous country.”
As a restaurant manager in a hotel in Colombo, she once had a steady income.
But with no tourists coming in, the hotel closed, she said.
Her mother, Manjula Sedaraliyanage, used to work in Kuwait but came back to Sri Lanka a few years ago after she suffered a stroke.
Now the daily medication she needs has become harder to find and more expensive, Ms Sithara said.
The political impasse added fuel to the economic crisis since the absence of an alternative unity government threatened to delay a hoped-for bailout from the International Monetary Fund.
In the meantime, the country is relying on aid from neighbouring India and from China.
Protesters accuse the President and his relatives of siphoning money from government coffers for years and Mr Rajapaksa’s administration of hastening the country’s collapse by mismanaging the economy.
The family has denied the corruption allegations, but Mr Rajapaksa acknowledged some of his policies contributed to the meltdown.
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