07 July 2024

Tokyo governor declares victory after exit polls predict her re-election

07 July 2024

Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike declared her re-election victory on Sunday as soon as media exit polls projected her winning a third four-year term as head of Japan’s influential capital.

The vote was also seen as a test for Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s governing party, which supports Ms Koike, the first woman to lead the Tokyo city government.

Tokyo, a city of 13.5 million people with outsized political and cultural power and a budget equalling some nations, is one of Japan’s most influential political posts.

A record 55 candidates challenged Ms Koike, and one of the top contenders was also a woman — a liberal-leaning former lawmaker who uses only her first name, Renho, and was backed by opposition parties.

Minutes after exit polls projecting her victory, Ms Koike arrived at her campaign headquarters in Tokyo and celebrated by thanking the voters who chose her.

“I believe the voters gave me a mandate for my accomplishment in the past eight years,” Ms Koike said. She pledged to push for more reforms and support for Tokyo residents.

“I’m fully aware of my heavy responsibility,” she said. “I will tackle my third term with all my body and soul.”

A win by Ms Koike is a relief for Mr Kishida’s conservative governing party, which she has long been affiliated with. Mr Kishida’s Liberal Democratic Party and its junior coalition partner, Komeito, unofficially backed her campaign.

Renho, running as an independent but supported by the main opposition Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and the Japanese Communist Party, criticised Ms Koike’s ties with Mr Kishida’s party, which has been hit by a widespread slush fund scandal.

A victory for Renho would have been a major setback for Mr Kishida’s chances in the party’s leadership vote in September.

LDP acting secretary general Tomomi Inada, in an interview with NHK television, welcomed Ms Koike’s victory as a “positive development” for the governing party, but stressed the need for the LDP to firmly push its own reforms.

While the two high-profile women gathered national attention, Shinji Ishimaru, a former mayor of Akitakata town in Hiroshima prefecture, was seen to have gained popularity among young voters.

With about 40% of the votes counted, Ms Koike won by more than 1.29 million votes, twice as many as her top rivals, who had 664,000 and 603,000 votes respectively. Official results are expected early on Monday.

The main issues in the campaign included measures to improve the economy, disaster resilience for Tokyo and low birth numbers. When Japan’s national fertility rate fell to a record low 1.2 babies per woman last year, Tokyo’s 0.99 rate was the lowest for the country.

Ms Koike’s policies focused on providing subsidies for married parents expecting babies and those raising children. Renho called for increased support for young people to address their concerns about jobs and financial stability, arguing that would help improve prospects for marrying and having families.

Another focus of attention was a controversial redevelopment of Tokyo’s beloved park area, Jingu Gaien, which Ms Koike approved but later faced criticism over its lack of transparency and suspected environmental impact.

Ms Koike, a media savvy former TV newscaster, was first elected to parliament in 1992 at the age of 40. She served in a number of key Cabinet posts, including environment and defence ministers, as part of the long-reigning Liberal Democratic Party.

Renho, known for voicing sharp questions in parliament, was born to a Japanese mother and Taiwanese father and does not use her family name.

Incumbent Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike celebrates after she was elected for Tokyo’s gubernatorial election in Tokyo on Sunday (Hiro Komae/AP) (AP)

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